Re-offending

The Cost of Re-offending


Source - Social Exclusion Unit (SEU) 2002 Report – Reducing re-offending by ex-prisoners

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEU was closed in June 2006 – Now the Social Exclusion Task Force is within the

Cabinet Office

 

 

 

 

 

The Criminal Justice cost of each re-offender based on the above averages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Criminal Justice unit costs

Update

 Total cost per

 

 

 

 

 

1997 to 2010

 re-offender

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adult prisons

1 + 2 + 7

£136,125.00

 Add say 15%

£156,544.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YOIs

 

1 + 2 + 8

£146,958.00

 Add say 15%

£169,002.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STCs & SCHs

1 + 2 + 9

£236,333.00

 Add say 15%

£271,783.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Cost of Re-offending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prison population

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Highest ever – 85,438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source  -  Ministry of Justice - Population in Custody June 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Breakdown of the 85,438 prison population

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adults – over 21 yrs 10 months

 

 

73,305

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Young Offenders – 18 to 21 yrs 10 months

 

10,037

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juveniles – 15 to 17

 

 

 

1,660

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Under 15s

 

 

 

 

436

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source  -  Ministry of Justice - Population in Custody June 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cost of re-offending updated from 1997 to 2010 - Based on SEU statistics over a 2 year period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1997 58% of adults re-offended and were convicted within 2 years of release and 72%

of Juveniles and Young Offenders over the same period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Category

 

%age

number

 Total cost per

 Total

 

 

 

re-offending

re-offending

 re-offender

re-offending costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adults

 

58%

42,517

£156,544

£6,655,765,594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Young Offenders

72%

7,227

£169,002

£1,221,316,613

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juveniles

 

72%

1,195

£169,002

£201,991,190

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juveniles

 

72%

314

£271,783

£85,318,119

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total cost of re-offending per annum

 

 

£8,164,391,516

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Audit Office 2010 estimate of the cost of re-offending per annum

£10,000,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Cost of Re-offending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-criminal justice costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·         Victims

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Personal & emotional impact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time off work due to injury

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of victim support services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact on house prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in insurance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·         Communities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact of high crime rates on job opportunities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact on the environment & house prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact on the provision of shops & services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Health service costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repair & remedial work costs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in insurance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·         Costs of ex-prisoners’ social exclusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Housing – eviction due to being in custody and / or to housing debt resulting in

 

 

homelessness on release

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drugs, alcohol & mental health problems – progress in custody lost on release

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Families – emotional & financial costs – loss of main source of income – cost of prison visits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Global cost of re-offending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The SEU gives £60,000,000,000 as the global figure for crime, including both criminal justice

 

and non-criminal justice costs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEU estimated that re-offending by ex-prisoners accounts for at least 18% of the global figure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The estimated global cost of re-offending is at least £10,800,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source - SEU July 2002 Report - Reducing re-offending by ex-prisoners

BACO

Bucks Association for the Care of Offenders

Registered Charity No. 263573